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SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
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ГЛАВНАЯ > Журнал "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences" > Содержание № 02, 2014
Выходные данные сетевого издания "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences"
Номер подписан в печать: 30-07-2014
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Издатель: ООО <НБ-Медиа>
Главный редактор: Даниленко Денис Васильевич, доктор права (Франция), danilenko_d@mail.ru
ISSN: 1339-3057
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Выпускающий редактор - Зубкова Светлана Вадимовна
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Содержание № 02, 2014
Philosophy
Гуревич П.С. - The cybernaut as a symbol of the global world

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12037

Аннотация: The author discusses anthropological aspects of modern globalization. He shows that comprehension of global processes requires analysis of the problems of human nature. An attempt is made at creating a generalized image of man that will be a symbol of the nascent world. On the other hand, the author criticizes the projects of deanthropologization, debiologization of man. Traditional questions of philosophical anthropology, such as «is man a creator or a creation?», «who or what is the demiurge of the modern world?», «is the human body really a basis for human identification?», «is human nature capable of extreme openness and infinite transformation?», prove to be topical again. The author uses the method of philosophical anthropology to analyze these problems. He shows that this philosophical trend, for the decades of its existence, has improved its approaches to the issues of philosophical comprehension of man and is based on these original traditions. The novelty of the approach is not related only to restoration of the mystical tradition of remaking man but also to critical consideration of the whole European experience of «reconstruction» of the personality. The article evaluates the technical project of «remaking man» from critical positions, sets forth arguments that permit to rationally approach the problem and its basic foundations.
Пономаренко Е.В. - Legal development in the context of the humanization of the Russian legal system.

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12237

Аннотация: The subject of this research is Legal Development. The article discusses legal development in terms of the development of legal ideas about humanism by individual humans and society in general. Legal development includes human actions of intellectual and volitional nature mediated by the Law aimed at the transformation of elements of human activity (social reality). We are talking about humanization (spirituality and transformation of welfare) by means of human rights and society; the creation of a legal system, the center of which is a man, his rights and freedoms. Legal development is intellectual and volitional actions mediated by rights, aimed at the conversion and humanization of the legal system, the substantiation of the value of a person, one’s rights and freedoms in the legal system. Research methodology is rational and critical thinking in the context of universal values, natural rights and freedoms of people. The novelty lies in translating the ideas of humanism in the Law, the transformation of the individual, society and the state in terms of legal ideas of human development by the individual and society. In law, the ideas of humanism are formed as a gradual change in the ratio of such concepts as ‘rights’ and ‘man’. The idea lies in the ‘humanization’ of the Law, establishing such a legal system, which would be focused on people, their rights and freedoms.
Асадуллаев И.К. - New physical picture of the world? - Part 1. Redshift galaxies should fluctuate. Universal homeostasis. The absurdity of the basic question of philosophy

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12167

Аннотация: The proposed approach is an attempt to significantly update the new physical and philosophical view of the world, primarily astrophysical. The key to this is recognition of the ideal as an attribute of matter, along with the material. The ideal is an objective reality, sometimes in the subjective form, but not a material reality. The material is defined as such not only due to what relates to the matter, but due to the fact that the material as one of the attributes of matter is determinate being. At the same time the ideal as a determinate being is not defined. This article proposes to consider homeostasis as a universal phenomenon. It should be noted that in real nature there are no perfect lines or askew movements. Real objects in their motion in a straight line always experience fluctuations influenced by the environment, e.g. due to association of an object with other objects, and internal movement. Every movement is unique, unrepeatable, has it own logic, and this logic is ideal, essential, natural. The same applies to the planet Earth, the Sun, galaxies, etc. that are subject to the principle of universal homeostasis. Homeostasis as a dynamic equilibrium is always a deviation - comeback. All things and objects, shifting from one bias sometimes in the opposite direction, now and again return to the ideal positions. There is no ideal stability, only a dynamic balance – motive sustainability. But not materially, materially the balance is the essence of deviations-comeback. The ideal in homeostasis covers all the condition of the material as a whole, consistent and inconsistent with it. Ideal trajectory or positions sought by the objects in the process of universal homeostasis are not only the fact of consciousness of a cognoscitive person, but are also objective and real. Dialectical approach, Materialism, Structuralism, Comparative method, Systemic and organismic approach, Functional method, Cloning method in cognition, Methods of induction and deduction, Method of inverted hierarchies, when ultimate event determines the processes while individual phenomena affect key factors. Figuratively speaking, the Universe thanks to the universal homeostasis expands and quakes as a jelly. And the farther away the galaxy moves, the greater the rate of expansion and the stronger oscillations. Any real movement - inertial or accelerated - is uniformly uneven (material - ideal). The farther away a galaxy the greater is the amplitude of oscillation of both transverse and longitudinal. Longitudinal oscillations of flying galaxies occur in acceleration waves: now more expedited departure, now slower acceleration. In a sense it is similar to jerks. In our opinion, one can double check through oscillations (colour) of the redshift (colour) of Doppler effect. We believe it will be available for practical science. We could rely on the idea that every universal law of the Universe was there since its inception. Therefore, science faces the problem of detecting redshift oscillations. Rapidly receding galaxies oscillate around a receding ideal point of balance. Galaxies are tangible as an available existence and present an uneven acceleration flying away from one other. Consequently, one can assume that balanced ideal oscillation points obey some global law of uniform accelerating of ideal motion of galaxies. Hence the conclusion: Doppler effect should be addressed in the context of steady-unsteady motion – redshift oscillations.
Law
Бочкарёв С.А. - Difficulty Understanding the Being of Criminal Law

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12463

Аннотация: The article attempts to bridge the gap between philosophic and legal experience and theory of criminal law on cognition of the nature of this law and highlights the complications of their rapprochement. The article raises the problem of comparability and synthesis of these two lines of legal thought. In this respect, the research reviews the narrative of philosophic and legal thoughts in the sphere of cognition of the Being. The author stresses the role of modernity in interpreting the Mode and the Being of criminal law as a reason for reflection and as a timely object of understanding the philosophic and legal thought. In general, thoughts apprehend themselves and understand their self-sufficiency. The same is with the so called modern thought. Whatever its dreadful state, it remains a means of social linkage. Each of these thoughts finally constructs its own Babylon. Mutual misunderstanding is then referred to the imperfection of its nature or prejudices of its subjects. However the stumbling point is in the level of aloofness of thoughts from each other and from a man in general. They no longer weigh and counterbalance, but divide it. In their interpretation the subject seizes to possess its own being.
Political science
Хауер-Тюкаркина О.М. - Political image of the EU in the context of global economic crisis

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.10712

Аннотация: Global economic crisis has become one of the biggest challenges in the history of the EU: it has put under a question mark the relevance of the European project not only from the economic but also from the political perspective. In current conditions the EU faces double challenge: the actor must not only emerge from the crisis, it should also restore its image, gain trust of own citizens and make them believe that the European project faces an optimistic future. To reach these objectives, it is necessary to establish an efficient system of communications, aimed at restoring trust to the European project among European citizens (internal communications), as well at enhancing the reputation capital of the EU as global political and economic actor (external communications).Current article examines the components of European image discourse including ways of possible image discourse transformation in crisis situations and proposes a theoretical approach for creation of a crisis response model aimed at restoring damaged internal and external image of the EU. Structural analyses of the European image, discourse analyses of the EU imageand its transformation process in a crisis situation. One of the key tasks for the EU is to make the process of the image discourse transformation in crisis situations manageable. To achieve that the EU should develop a flexible and comprehensive internal and external communication system which would make it possible to minimize the devastating influence of a crisis and keep the reputational capital of the EU among the target audiences (the EU citizens and the world community) on a high level.
Bajrektarevic A. - Europe of Sarajevo 100 years later: Was history ever on holidays? (From WWI to www. 9/11 or 11/9?)

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12495

Аннотация: Some 20 years ago the genocide of worst kind was taking place just one hour flight from Brussels. That time, assassination of different kind from the one of 1914 has enveloped Sarajevo. While massive European ignorance turned Bosnia (and the Union of different peoples – Yugoslavia) into a years-long slaughterhouse, the Maastricht dream was unifying the Westphalian world of the Old continent. Today, two decades later, Atlantic Europe is a political powerhouse (with two of three European nuclear powers, and two of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, P-5), Central Europe is an economic powerhouse, Russophone Europe is an energy powerhouse, Scandinavian Europe is a bit of all that, and Eastern Europe is none of it. No wonder that as soon as serious external or inner security challenges emerge, the compounding parts of the true, historic Europe are resurfacing again. Formerly in Iraq (with the exception of France) and now with Libya, Sudan, Mali and Syria; Central Europe is hesitant to act, Atlantic Europe is eager, Scandinavian Europe is absent, Eastern Europe is bandwagoning, and Russophone Europe is opposing. Did Europe change (after its own 11/9), or it only became more itself?
Карякин В.В. - “THE THIRD WAVE”: Geopolitics of Postmodernism

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12554

Аннотация: An article is devoted to the new geopolitical conception, constructed on the base of V. Stepin's ideas of post-nonclassic conception, the theory of self-organizing systems of H. Haken, a technology of “controlled chaos” by S. Mann and author’s synergetic vision of modern geopolitical trends. The world community has entered an epoch of permanent crisis which is represented now as the system crisis of postmodern civilization. The sociopolitical tendencies designated during revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa, a series of "color" revolutions on the post Soviet space and protest actions of Russian opposition, put forward an actual problem of development of a new toolkit for research of processes of political transformation of the modern world. In these conditions the issue of the day is still the problem not only of interstate relations, but also situation inside the states that become closely connected in globalized world. The favorable environment for occurrence of threats to the international and state security is the use of technologies of "controlled chaos”, strategies of "soft power” and “indirect actions” on the background of aggravation of territorial, demographic, religious, ecological, food and water problems in large territories of the Central Asia, Near and Middle East and African continent.
Psychology
Арон И.С. - The social situation of development of a modern teenager

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12349

Аннотация: The research subject is the detection of the typical age, socio-cultural and individual characteristics of the social situation of development of a modern teenager, on the basis of conceptual regulations of the cultural and historical psychology on the dynamics of a child’s mental development. The methodological and practical value of Vygotsky's concept of "social situation of development" is substantiated. On the basis of the analysis of researches by domestic psychologists, directed on the identification of the substantial structure of the social situation of development, the author designates objective and subjective components of the social situation of development. There with, the special role of a subjective component of the social situation of the development defining the personality activity degree concerning the environment influences is accented. The results of the theoretical analysis of a social context, and also of subjective aspects of the social situation of development of modern teenagers, are presented. It is noted that the main age-typical characteristics of the social situation of development of a teenager are aspirations to join the outside world of adults and age-mates, and behaviour orientation to norms and values of this world. The socio-cultural characteristics of the social situation of development of a modern teenager are caused by the influence of numerous factors, mainly those of negative content. Individual factors of the development of teenagers also quite often have negative psychological content. That is confirmed by the author, from examples of the content analysis of the social situation of development of teenagers without parental support, teenagers with deviant behaviour and teenagers with endowments signs. The conclusion of the need for the optimization of the social situation of development of a modern teenager is drawn.
Religion
Воронцова И.В. - To whom does the writer V. Rozanov owe his reputation of an outstanding religious thinker?

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2014.2.12367

Аннотация: In 1900–1914, Rozanov’s popularity in Russia was extraordinary due to his books and articles concerning the questions of the Russian Orthodox Church’s renovation, he received an enormous amount of letters from his contemporaries, including young clerics and monks yearning for answers to their religious and moral questions or for his comments on their spiritual works. But the preoccupation with religious reformism led him to confrontation with the Church, and in this confrontation he had had an ally and an advisor in the person of Alexsandre Ustyinsky, whose letters and notes the former used in his journalism. The study was based on unpublished letters of writer Vasiliy Rozanov and orthodox priest Ust'insky, the letters are from two .archival collections in Moscow (RGALI and literary manuscripts department of the Russian Public Library). The article provides the findings of the research on unpublished archival correspondence between V. Rozanov and the Russian Orthodox Church archpriest A. Ustyinsky as to whether the writer indeed was an original religious thinker among ‘neo-Christians’. The examination of unpublished correspondence between V. Rozanov and Novgorod archpriest Alexander Ustyinsky has shown that Rozanov was not independent in his judgments with regards to a range of religious problems which his contemporaries connected to the reformation of the Russian Church, and in this sense the writer’s oeuvre is only yet to be studied.
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