SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
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ГЛАВНАЯ > Журнал "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences" > Содержание № 04, 2020
Выходные данные сетевого издания "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences"
Номер подписан в печать: 31-12-2020
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Издатель: ООО <НБ-Медиа>
Главный редактор: Даниленко Денис Васильевич, доктор права (Франция), danilenko_d@mail.ru
ISSN: 1339-3057
Контактная информация:
Выпускающий редактор - Зубкова Светлана Вадимовна
E-mail: info@nbpublish.com
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Почтовый адрес редакции: 115114, г. Москва, Павелецкая набережная, дом 6А, офис 211.
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Содержание № 04, 2020
Samashev Z., Chotbaev A.E., Kurganov N.S., Pankin D.V., Povolotskaya A.V., Kurochkin A.V., Kitov E.P., Kitova A.O. - The methods of natural science in the research of the Sake culture monuments in the Kazakh Altai c. 1-10


Abstract: The present article is devoted to the methods of natural science used in the research works of the reference monuments belonging to the Saka tribes of the Kazakh Altai. The richly decorated scabbard was discovered in the summer of 2018 in the process of archaeological research of the burial complexes located on the Yeleke Sazy plateau, Tarbagatai ridge in Eastern Kazakhstan. Gold-embroidered robes, a quiver of arrows, and a bronze dagger in golded sneath, that were found in the grave, have undergone spectroscopy study. Several other methods were used in order to make new findings of the unearthed artifacts:optical spectroscopy methods, Dendrochronology methods, Geocryological researches, Paleological and soil studies, Molecular genetic and biomedical studies, Morphological, paleopathological and morphometric studies of the horse remains found in the grave were also undertaken. As follows a interdisciplinary studies of data from archaeological excavations, especially of the Saka era, provided interesting results that can be used for conducting further researches on the history of Kazakhstan.
Nesterkin S. - The Development of Systems of Social Hierarchy in Central Asian Buddhism c. 11-17


Abstract: This article discusses the systems of hierarchy that developed in the Buddhist communities of Central Asia. It examines hierarchies in the spiritual context: the Teacher-student relationship, levels of taking of vows, educational attainment, and recognition within the institution of reincarnated lamas. It also looks at hierarchies in the administrative context, such as levels of responsibility in the management of monasteries, public administration functions, and relationships with government institutions. The author looks into how these hierarchies evolved amidst changing historical conditions as well as their complex interrelationships with each other.It is shown that these systems of hierarchy are multi-faceted, and their focus evolved according to factors such as the development of monastic education, the significance given in many communities of the Sangha to reincarnated lamas, the changing role of monasteries in public administration, and the role of government in regulating religious institutions. While hierarchies in the spiritual and administrative contexts sometimes overlapped, they also frequently diverged. In post-Soviet Russia, many new and independent Buddhist organizations have emerged, both because of the absence of government interference as well as the nature of the practice of tantra structured as ganachakra. As a result, the constitution, functions, and structure of Buddhist communities experienced deep shifts in their focus and hierarchies. In order to evaluate the status of these communities, it is necessary to examine the most foundational and longest lasting hierarchy, which is that of the Teacher-student relationship.
Languages and Linguistics
Kirimov T.N. - Semiotic and linguistic-stylistic aspects of poems by H. Chergeyev
«Listen to what the dead man says!», «Fate»
c. 18-34


Abstract: The work examines little-known facts from the life and creative heritage Hasan Chergeyev – one of the most reputable Crimean Tatar poets-populists in the beginning of the 20th century. In order to reveal the semantic and linguistic-stylistic features of the author’s works, in particular the poems “Listen to what the dead man says!” (“Eşit, mevta ne sevleyur!”, 1909), “Fate” (“Taqdir”, 1917) a comparative typological, semiotic and textological analysis of the original texts is done. The strategic approaches of depicting by the poet of authentic, dramatic episodes from the life of the people and the clergy are conceptualized. The phenomenon of the influence of an idea, theme and story-line on the construction of his poems is revealed. Thanks to lateral thinking, specially selected methods of representing vital material, the lyrist's poetic works turn into living canvases. They reflect the depth of the internal emotional experiences of the title characters, reveal the natural flavor of the national language, and demonstrate the energy, power of his pen. At the same time, the article defines the prospects for studying journalistic activities in the pre-war and wartime Crimean Tatar Soviet periodicals.
Danilova V.A. - Ways of conveying ethnocultural lexicon in translation of the novel Eugene Onegin by A. S. Pushkin into Portuguese (on the materials of Dário Moreira de Castro Alves’ translation) c. 35-42


Abstract: The subject of this research is the ethnocultural lexicon in translation of A. S. Pushkin’s novel “Eugene Onegin” into Portuguese language. The author views the term realia as a lexicon with ethnocultural semantics, characteristic to a specific language community. The research is aimed at the analysis of the means of conveying realia in two non-cognate languages, as well as in determination of ethnocultural differences of the lexemes signifying similar notions. The author believes that understanding and accurate interpretation of culturally marked lexicon are essential for translating foreign literature, studying and teaching foreign languages. Methods of the research are contextual and comparative analysis of the Russian realia in translation, which allowed determining the distinctions in cognition of text among the Russian and Portuguese native speakers. The novelty of this work is defined by reference to the only translation of the novel “Eugene Onegin” into Portuguese language that has not previously been an object of a linguoculturological study. The research revealed that realia may contain cultural component in the meaning of words and their connotation. As a result, the author indicates the differences of linguistic means of conveying realia in the Russian and Portuguese languages, and established the ways of conveying ethnocultural lexicon in translation of the novel, such as correlation, hypo-hyperonymic translation, adaptation, periphrastic translation, and calquing.
Zhgun D. - When emotions cannot “speak”: a pragmatic analysis of cases of alexithymia in English fiction c. 43-51


Abstract: The article focuses on the analysis of cases of alexithymia in English fiction in order to reveal their pragmatic potential. Alexithymia is studied from a linguistic perspective and is defined as the inability or difficulty to express emotions verbally. Emotions are viewed as a type of language identity that functions within specific ways to exchange communicative information. Emotions are recognized as social phenomena that are embedded in social contexts. The article strives to provide a novel insight into the study of emotions in the field of linguistics. For the first time, alexithymia is addressed not as a psychological disorder, but as a linguistic attempt to create and increase a pragmatic effect on the reader by implying additional information and emotional and evaluative overtones. Research methods include definition, semantic and pragmatic analyses of emotional and evaluative utterances, expressing or implying alexithymia, and selected from English fiction by the continuous sampling method. The author comes to the conclusion that emotions can still be revealed and comprehended by the reader without being expressed or implied in the text. It is the context that helps to determine the emotion, its intensity and polarity as well as its pragmatic potential.
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