Статья 'Многообразие моделей модернизации и политизации религии: теоретические и практические аспекты. ' - журнал 'Law and Politics' - NotaBene.ru
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Law and Politics

Многообразие моделей модернизации и политизации религии: теоретические и практические аспекты

drinova Elena mihajlovna

PhD in Philosophy

Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Volgograd State Socail-Pedagogical University

400131, Russia, g. Volgograd, ul. Pr. Lenina, 27

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Pankratov Sergei Anatol'evich

Doctor of Politics

Professor, Head of the Department of Political Science Volgograd State University

400062, Russia, g. Volgograd, pr. Universitetskii, 100

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Abstract: The article is shown the role of traditional institute of religion in classic and modern models spreading in political science in XX-XXI century. It is noted that in the classical modernization theory, the problem of politicization of religion has not been investigated, despite the fact that there was an extensive empirical data confirming this fact. Initially, the modernization associated with the secularization of public relations. The problem of politicization of religion becomes relevant under the "catch-up" model of modernization.It has argument that democratic reforms accompanies by the politicization of religion in West Europe and the US and later in those non-Western countries that have implemented partial modernization. Institutional factors are the political modernization of religious political parties. The biggest problem is the development of the politicization of religion was under the multiplicity of models of modernization. Emphasizes the role of traditional institutions in the modernization, such as religion and family. It is noted that the implementation of polyvariant models of modernization implies the entry level of Westernization. The article analyzes the national model of modernization, it is shown that the result of modernization transformations are often illiberal democracy. It is proved that the implementation of the national models of modernization are the fundamental principles of statism and traditionalism. Political practice shows that reliance on the "enlightened" authoritarian political elite groups and traditional institutes of religion and family are increasingly becoming the key to holding a national model of modernization. The author concludes that in the modernization of religion as a social institution is transformed and becomes part of the individual features of a political institution.


political modernization, national model of modernization, the politicization of religion, authoritarianism, clergy, democracy, sekulyarizatsiya, institution of the family, uncertainty Principle, the principle of subsidiarity

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