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Статьи автора Шаров Константин Сергеевич
Genesis: исторические исследования, 2019-3
Шаров К.С. - Роль библейских пророчеств во всемирном историческом процессе с точки зрения историографии Исаака Ньютона c. 13-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-868X.2019.3.29348

Аннотация: Предмет. Объектом исследования является ряд неопубликованных архивных рукописей Исаака Ньютона из Коллекции Яхуды в Национальной Библиотеке Израиля (Иерусалим), Архива Кейнса в Кингс-Колледже Кембриджского Университета и Архива Библиотеки Общества Мартина Бодмера (Колони, Швейцария). Предметом исследования является цивилизационная теория Ньютона. Целью исследования является понимание места и роли пророчеств в истории человеческого общества с точки зрения цивилизационной теории Ньютона. Особое внимание автор уделяет исследованию роли библейских пророчеств в историографии Ньютона. Методология. Методология включает приемы, принципы и процедуры архивных исследований и источниковедения, исторической герменевтики, структурного анализа, сравнительного литературоведения. Научная новизна и выводы. Основными выводами проведенного исследования являются следующие. 1. Герменевтика пророчеств является одной из центральных частей ньютоновской цивилизационной теории. По Ньютону, пророчества и исторические источники обладают разницей лишь по отношению ко времени: пророчества становятся историей в момент их свершения. 2. Ньютон считает весь мировой исторический процесс строго детерминированным волей Божьей от сотворения мира до апокалиптического конца времен. При этом пророчества являются добровольным раскрытием Богом сведений о грядущих исторических событиях. 3. Раскрыты составные части ньютоновской герменевтики пророчеств. 4. Показано, что для Ньютона эвристическая ценность древнееврейских и новозаветных пророчеств намного выше античных и древневосточных пророческих видений. Новизна исследования заключается в том, что автором впервые систематизированы воззрения Исаака Ньютона на роль пророчеств в ходе всемирной истории, спорадично распределенные английским ученым по целому ряду рукописей, в настоящее время хранящихся в трех архивах.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-2
Sharov K.S. - The construction of system of gender power: the case of favoritism c. 23-29

DOI:
10.25136/1339-3057.2019.2.27184

Abstract: On the example of gender-power relations built by Marquise Jeanne-Antoinette de Pompadour, mistress of the King Louis XV, most prominent favorite in history, from the perspective of psychoanalysis, this article analyses the feminine power discourses and complex systems of the gender social roles that the favorites – the women possessing the “shadow social and political power” – were able to structure. The goal of this research lies in the analysis of typical strategies of gender power, structured by the royal favorites, demonstrated on the example of Marquise de Pompadour, in which men were involved into decentralized system of women’s power. The author is first to reveal the basic patterns of formation of the system of gender-power role and codification of a number of them as social statuses. It is noted that the system of establishment of such roles correspond with the Lacanian Triad: Imaginary-Symbolic-Real. The symbolic level structuring gender roles by a woman possessing shadow power is the linguistic field. The imaginary level implies the formed by woman cultural traditions. The real level is represented by the created by woman social and political administrative strategies, which involve men as the subjects of women’s decentralized power into the system of gender-power relation, designed by a favorite. It is concluded that favoritism as a complicated social, psychological and cultural phenomenon is one of the most successful methods of manifestation of women’s “shadow” power in history.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-1
Sharov K.S. - Social and psychological dimensions of gender power: Their characteristic features and mutual relationship c. 24-33

DOI:
10.25136/1339-3057.2019.1.27265

Abstract: The object of the study is the system of gender-power relations in the society. The subject of the research is the social and psychological facets of the gender power system construction, their basic characteristics as well as the degree and limits of their mutual influence. The methodology includes research methods of power introduced by M. Foucault, L. Althusser, and J. Butler; psychoanalytic approaches of S. Freud and J. Lacan; structuralist method of analysis of communicative practices of M. Castells.Results, novelty, and conclusions. The novelty of the study consists in the theory of passional attachment introduced by the author, in which it is argued that the system of gender power in society is based on the psychological mechanism of interpellation and subjection of male psychics by women.The main conclusions are as follows: 1) gender self-identification and socialisation are associated with the Œdipus complex and Lacanian psychological stage of the mirror; 2) since the time of the ancient matriarchy, the symbolic power of the female has become fixed as an archetype of consciousness; 3) the gender power is being built on a subject-subject basis; in the society; 4) women’s building a system of gender power relations and gender roles on their basis, is usually carried out with a broad involvement of the symbolic sphere.
Социодинамика, 2018-9
Sharov K.S. - Social and psychological dimensions of gender power: peculiarities and mutual influence c. 8-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2018.9.27170

Abstract: The object of the study is the system of gender-power relations in the society. The subject of the research is the social and psychological aspects of the process of establishment of thegender power system, their basic characteristics, as well as the degree and limits of mutual influence. Methodology includes research methods of power introduced by M. Foucault, L. Althusser, and J. Butler; psychoanalytic approaches of S. Freud and J. Lacan; structuralist method of analysis of communicative practices of M. Castells. The novelty of the study consists in the theory of passionate attachment introduced by the author, in which it is argued that the system of gender power in society is based on the psychological mechanism of interpellation and subjection of male psychics by women. The following conclusions were made: 1) gender self-identification and socialization are associated with the Oedipus complex and Lacanian mirror stage; 2) since the time of ancient matriarchy, the female symbolic power has become an archetype of consciousness; 3) the gender power is being built on a subject-subjective basis, as well as form a blurry and often unclear system of decentralized relations in the society; 4) structuring of the system of gender power relations and gender roles by women is realized with broad involvement of the sphere of the symbolic.
Философская мысль, 2018-8
Sharov K.S. - Construction of the systems of gender power: the peculiarities of the discourse of favoritism c. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.8.27136

Abstract: Using the example of gender power relations structured by Marquise Jeanne-Antoinette de Pompadour, mistress of the French King Louis XV, most famous favorite in history, the article analyzes the female power discourses and complex systems of the gender social roles that were developed by the mistresses – women who possesses a “shadow” social and political power. The goal of this work lies in examination of the typical strategies of gender power, structure by the royal favorites, using the example of Marquise de Pompadour, in which a male was included into the decentralized system of female authority. The article determines the basic regularities of establishment of the system of gender power roles by the mistresses and codification of a number of social statuses. It is demonstrated that the system of the formation of such roles corresponds to the Lacanian triad: Symbolic-Imaginary-Real. The symbolic level of the gender roles for a mistress that possessed shadow authority is the language field. The imaginary – is the formed by woman cultural traditions. The real – is the created by a woman social and political administrative strategies that include the involvement of males as the subjects of female decentralized authority into the system of gender power relations projected by a mistress. It is concluded that favoritism as a complicated social, psychological and cultural phenomenon is one of the most successful methods of manifestation of the female “shadow” authority in history.  
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