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Статьи автора Шаров Константин Сергеевич
Социодинамика, 2019-4
Шаров К.С. - Суррогатное материнство в России и Сингапуре в системе моделей демографического поведения c. 31-41

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2019.4.29510

Аннотация: Объектом исследования является законодательство России и Сингапура, касающееся регулирование сферы репродуктивных технологий, а также социокультурное отношение населения к использованию данных технологий, зафиксированное в социальных установках, в том числе, выражаемых религиозными организациями. Предметом исследования являются сходства в законодательстве России и Сингапура, а также социальных установках в отношении сферы репродуктивных технологий. Целью исследования является понимание параллелизма в регулировании сферы репродуктивных технологий России и Сингапура и предложение своего объяснения данному феномену. Методология включает приемы, принципы и процедуры анализа нормативно-правовых актов, статистических демографических данных и контент-анализа высказываний относительно использования репродуктивных технологий. Новизна исследования заключается в том, что в результате анализа выявлено, что наши страны действительно проявляют удивительное сходство в правовом регулировании сферы репродуктивных технологий и социальных установках (мнениях) в отношении использования этих технологий. Правовое регулирование суррогатного материнства нельзя считать объективно эффективным ни в России, ни Сингапуре. В социокультурном восприятии репродуктивных технологий социумом России и Сингапура присутствует настороженность и холодность, а также сомнения в культурной легитимности использования данных технологий. Предложена гипотеза, согласно которой сходство в рассматриваемых вопросах между Россией и Сингапуром объясняется общим правовым и культурным евразийским наследием российской и сингапурской культур.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-2
Sharov K.S. - The construction of system of gender power: the case of favoritism c. 23-29

DOI:
10.25136/1339-3057.2019.2.27184

Abstract: On the example of gender-power relations built by Marquise Jeanne-Antoinette de Pompadour, mistress of the King Louis XV, most prominent favorite in history, from the perspective of psychoanalysis, this article analyses the feminine power discourses and complex systems of the gender social roles that the favorites – the women possessing the “shadow social and political power” – were able to structure. The goal of this research lies in the analysis of typical strategies of gender power, structured by the royal favorites, demonstrated on the example of Marquise de Pompadour, in which men were involved into decentralized system of women’s power. The author is first to reveal the basic patterns of formation of the system of gender-power role and codification of a number of them as social statuses. It is noted that the system of establishment of such roles correspond with the Lacanian Triad: Imaginary-Symbolic-Real. The symbolic level structuring gender roles by a woman possessing shadow power is the linguistic field. The imaginary level implies the formed by woman cultural traditions. The real level is represented by the created by woman social and political administrative strategies, which involve men as the subjects of women’s decentralized power into the system of gender-power relation, designed by a favorite. It is concluded that favoritism as a complicated social, psychological and cultural phenomenon is one of the most successful methods of manifestation of women’s “shadow” power in history.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2019-1
Sharov K.S. - Social and psychological dimensions of gender power: Their characteristic features and mutual relationship c. 24-33

DOI:
10.25136/1339-3057.2019.1.27265

Abstract: The object of the study is the system of gender-power relations in the society. The subject of the research is the social and psychological facets of the gender power system construction, their basic characteristics as well as the degree and limits of their mutual influence. The methodology includes research methods of power introduced by M. Foucault, L. Althusser, and J. Butler; psychoanalytic approaches of S. Freud and J. Lacan; structuralist method of analysis of communicative practices of M. Castells.Results, novelty, and conclusions. The novelty of the study consists in the theory of passional attachment introduced by the author, in which it is argued that the system of gender power in society is based on the psychological mechanism of interpellation and subjection of male psychics by women.The main conclusions are as follows: 1) gender self-identification and socialisation are associated with the Œdipus complex and Lacanian psychological stage of the mirror; 2) since the time of the ancient matriarchy, the symbolic power of the female has become fixed as an archetype of consciousness; 3) the gender power is being built on a subject-subject basis; in the society; 4) women’s building a system of gender power relations and gender roles on their basis, is usually carried out with a broad involvement of the symbolic sphere.
Социодинамика, 2018-9
Sharov K.S. - Social and psychological dimensions of gender power: peculiarities and mutual influence c. 8-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7144.2018.9.27170

Abstract: The object of the study is the system of gender-power relations in the society. The subject of the research is the social and psychological aspects of the process of establishment of thegender power system, their basic characteristics, as well as the degree and limits of mutual influence. Methodology includes research methods of power introduced by M. Foucault, L. Althusser, and J. Butler; psychoanalytic approaches of S. Freud and J. Lacan; structuralist method of analysis of communicative practices of M. Castells. The novelty of the study consists in the theory of passionate attachment introduced by the author, in which it is argued that the system of gender power in society is based on the psychological mechanism of interpellation and subjection of male psychics by women. The following conclusions were made: 1) gender self-identification and socialization are associated with the Oedipus complex and Lacanian mirror stage; 2) since the time of ancient matriarchy, the female symbolic power has become an archetype of consciousness; 3) the gender power is being built on a subject-subjective basis, as well as form a blurry and often unclear system of decentralized relations in the society; 4) structuring of the system of gender power relations and gender roles by women is realized with broad involvement of the sphere of the symbolic.
Философская мысль, 2018-8
Sharov K.S. - Construction of the systems of gender power: the peculiarities of the discourse of favoritism c. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2018.8.27136

Abstract: Using the example of gender power relations structured by Marquise Jeanne-Antoinette de Pompadour, mistress of the French King Louis XV, most famous favorite in history, the article analyzes the female power discourses and complex systems of the gender social roles that were developed by the mistresses – women who possesses a “shadow” social and political power. The goal of this work lies in examination of the typical strategies of gender power, structure by the royal favorites, using the example of Marquise de Pompadour, in which a male was included into the decentralized system of female authority. The article determines the basic regularities of establishment of the system of gender power roles by the mistresses and codification of a number of social statuses. It is demonstrated that the system of the formation of such roles corresponds to the Lacanian triad: Symbolic-Imaginary-Real. The symbolic level of the gender roles for a mistress that possessed shadow authority is the language field. The imaginary – is the formed by woman cultural traditions. The real – is the created by a woman social and political administrative strategies that include the involvement of males as the subjects of female decentralized authority into the system of gender power relations projected by a mistress. It is concluded that favoritism as a complicated social, psychological and cultural phenomenon is one of the most successful methods of manifestation of the female “shadow” authority in history.  
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