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Статьи автора Шахбазян Сатеник Врежовна
Право и политика, 2017-3
Shakhbazian S.V. - Humanization and liberalization of the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation c. 96-102

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2017.3.21370

Abstract: This article examines the provisions of the Federal Law N 323-FZ " On amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation concerning the grounds and procedure of exemption from criminal liability " in terms of amending the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation regarding the decriminalization of battery and failure to pay alimony or child support, establishment of criminal liability for minor larceny (Article 158.1), as well as introduction of such ground for exemption from the criminal responsibility as release from criminal responsibility with the court fine (Article 76.2). The scientific novelty consists in comprehensive study of the provisions of the new federal law in part of making amendments into the Criminal Code. Analyzing the new law, the author focuses attention on its positive, as well as negative aspects, as well as expresses a number of remarks pertaining to further improvement of the criminal legislation.
SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2016-4
Shakhbazian S.V. - Humanization and liberalization of the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation c. 6-12

DOI:
10.7256/1339-3057.2016.4.21606

Abstract: This article examines the provisions of the Federal Law No. 323-FZ "On Amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation and the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on the improvement of the grounds and order of exemption from criminal responsibility" in terms of making changes to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation on decriminalization of battery and default in paying money for maintenance of children and physically disabled parents, establishment of criminal liability for minor larceny (Article 158.1), and introduction of such ground for exemption from criminal responsibility as the release from criminal liability in connection with the infliction of judicial fine (Article 76.2). The scientific novelty consists in the comprehensive research of provision of the aforementioned federal law regarding the adoption of amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Analyzing the new law, the author focuses attention on its positive and negative aspects, as well as makes a number of remarks, which can be applied by a legislator for further improvements in the criminal legislation.
Право и политика, 2016-2
Shakhbazian S.V. - Criminal law and criminal procedure aspects of the application of Part 6 of the Article 15 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2016.2.17613

Abstract: This article examines the criminal law and criminal procedure aspects of the application of Part 6 of the Article 15 of the CCRF. The author carefully examines such aspects as consequences of the conciliation of parties in the case of changing the category of a crime; application of the positions from Article 11 of the CCRF in cases of changes in the category of a crime; limits of the authority of the cassation court during implementation of Part 6 of the Article 15 of the CCRF; changes to the category of a crime during criminal hearing in accordance with Chapter 40.1 of the Criminal Procedural Code and during execution of the verdict, and the issue of changes to the category of a crime should be resolved via cassation or supervisory method. The main conclusion of the research is the fact that due to the application of the Criminal law and criminal procedure aspects of the application of Part 6 of the Article 15 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation arises a number of criminal law and criminal procedure issues, which can produce corruption in the work of the courts during the assessment of the gravity of a crime. Criminal law and criminal procedure aspects of the application of Part 6 of the Article 15 of the CCRF expands the boundaries of the principle of judicial discretion and defines a dispositional regulation of the criminal legal relations.  
Право и политика, 2015-11
Shakhbazian S.V. - Courts’ discretion to demote a charge to a lesser category of crime

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0706.2015.11.16824

Abstract: This article examines the positions of Part 6 of Article 15 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (CCRF) on authority of the courts to lower the category of a crime, as well as the grounds and conditions for such decision. The author gives attention to the wide boundaries of the court’s discretion in making a decision in accordance with the Part 6 of Article 15, and analyzes law enforcement practice and clarification of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on this issue. This work presents criticism on the Federal Law No. 420-FZ regarding the amendment it made to the Part 6 of Article 15, which contains corruptogenic factors and contradicts Article 10 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The scientific novelty lies in the attempt to attract the attention of scientists and practicians to the problematic issues emerging in relation to the application of Part 6 of the Article 15, particularly: which procedural document should reflect the court’s decision to lower the category of a crime, and which juridical consequences could follow the court’s decision to change the category of a committed crime.
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